Sunday, May 17, 2020
Ernest Hemingway was a towering figure in 20th century American literature, known mostly for his larger-than-life persona and for his simple, declarative style of writing. The latter arguably won him a Nobel Prize, and also influenced possibly an entire generation of aspiring writers who came after him. HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s short and economical style is perhaps best displayed in his earlier work, most notably in his short stories, and one of his earliest, and most famous, short stories is Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White Elephants.Ã¢â¬ The story is about two people who are simply referred to as Ã¢â¬Ëthe AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëthe girl,Ã¢â¬â¢ at a train station, waiting to catch the next express to Barcelona; they have drinks as they wait and they talk about the seemingly mundane,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Once this is established, things become a little clearer as to why the girl is conflicted and in discomfort. Though her age, along with the AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s or any other chara cter, is not specifically known, given that she is simply referred to as Ã¢â¬Ëthe girlÃ¢â¬â¢--sometimes Ã¢â¬ËJigÃ¢â¬â¢ as well, but this seems to be more of a pet-name or nickname than an actual name--one can assume that she is relatively young, possibly naive, and may be entering into the pinnacle of her womanhood. Although there is no description or extensive detail in the story to solidify this interpretation of the girl, generic names like Ã¢â¬ËwomanÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËgirlÃ¢â¬â¢ have great connotation, and should be taken into earnest consideration while reading Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White Elephants.Ã¢â¬ Very little is said in HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s story, but one is still able to assume that the girlÃ¢â¬â¢s discomfort comes the serious situation she is in, namely having to face the prospect of pregnancy and abortion, which is something far more complex than simply letting Ã¢â¬Å"the air in.Ã¢â¬ Due to any and all the factors that come into play when one is placed in such a situation, age being a notable one here, the girl may not feel ready to have or even want a child, but what is more clearly known in the story is that these thoughts are never fully able to surface and be discussed, largely because of the AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s abundantShow MoreRelated Analysis of Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway Essay928 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnalysis of Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway In Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ Ernest Hemingway relies on symbolism to convey the theme of abortion. The symbolic material objects, as well as the strong symbolic characters, aid the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding of the underlying theme. The material objects that Hemingway uses to convey the theme are beer, the good and bad hillsides, and a railroad station between two tracks. The beer represents the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Å"the AmericanÃ¢â¬ andRead More Analysis of Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway Essay1044 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnalysis of Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway Hills Like White Elephants, is a short story,. It is a story about a man and a woman waiting at a train station talking about an issue that they never name. I believe this issue is abortion. In this paper I will prove that the girl in the story, whos name is Jig, finally decides to go ahead and have the baby even though the man, who does not have a name, wants her to have an abortion. It is the end of the story that makes me thinkRead MoreAnalysis of Hills Like White Elephants, by Ernest Hemingway Essay978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ by Earnest Hemingway is a short story from 1927 that describes a couple drinking at a train station in Spain, and the story is relayed by an outside narrator. The third person narrator in this story gives the reader the events pieced together, told afterward, and translated to English. It is clear throughout the story that the girl (who is never named) does not speak Spanish, while her boyfriend does. When he first or ders two beers, he does so in Spanish through statingRead MoreCritical Analysis of the Short Story Ã¢â¬ËHills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬â¢ by Ernest Hemingway.1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCritical Analysis of the short story Ã¢â¬ËHills like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬â¢ by Ernest Hemingway. Word Count: 1367 Hills like White Elephants Ã¢â¬â Ernest Hemingway Ã¢â¬Å"Will Jig have the abortion and stay with the man; will Jig have the abortion and leave the man; or will Jig not have the abortion and win the man over to her point of view?Ã¢â¬ (Hashmi, N, 2003). These are the three different scenarios that have been seriously considered in Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Hills like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ . Ernest HemingwayRead MoreAn Analysis Of Ernest Hemingway s Hills Like White Elephants 1012 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ is a short story written by Ernest Hemingway and published in August 1927 for a literary magazine. The short story was later published as a collections of short stories called Ã¢â¬Å"Men Without WomenÃ¢â¬ . Ernest Hemingway had strict concept of masculinity and femininity. This is evident in the personalities, demeanor and portrayal of the two main characters, the American man and his girlfriend Ã¢â¬Å"JigÃ¢â¬ . The portrayal of the male character as well travelled, well-educated, andRead MoreCritical Analysis Of Hills Like White Elephants By Ernest Hemingway1089 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesErnest Hemingway was a towering figure in 20th century American literature, known mostly for his larger-than-life persona and for his simple, declarative style of writing. The latter arguably won him a Nobel Prize, and also influenced possibl y an entire generation of aspiring writers who came after him. HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s short and economical style is perhaps best displayed in his earlier work, most notably in his short stories, and one of his earliest, and most famous, short stories is Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like WhiteRead MoreAnalysis Of Ernest Hemingway s Hills Like White Elephants And A Clean Well Lighted Place 2195 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesMathew Muller ENG 215 Ernest Hemingway Ernest Hemingway has this uncanny, yet, clear and distinctive writing style, that has made him a successful author and a means of many criticisms. One critic in particular, David M. Wyatt, says that Hemingway has a way of making the beginning of his stories Ã¢â¬Å"raise the very specter of the end against which they are so concerned to defend.Ã¢â¬ (Wyatt). In his two short stories, Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"A Clean-Well Lighted Place, Hemingway draws out this uncannyRead MoreEvaluation Argument Hills Like White Elephants1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Ernest Hemingway: Hills Like White Elephants A white elephant is an idiom for a valuable but burdensome possession, but also it means a rare and sacred creature. In Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Hills Like White Elephants, Hemingway uses an unborn child as a white elephant. This short story depicts a couple of an American man and young women at a train station somewhere in Spain. Hemingway tells the story from watching the couple from across the bar and listening to their troublesome conversationRead MoreHedonism in Hills Like White Elephants, by Ernest Hemingway Essay1588 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescreation of a culture solely dedicated to consume. Ernest Hemingway analyses the behavioral patterns of such culture in his short story Hills Like White Elephants, where the concept of Hedonism- fathomed as an egotistical action whose only purpose is to bestow pleasure- and its consequences on the individual is explored. Through the characters dialogue in which they avoid a substantial conversation and implicitly state their dis appointment in life, Hemingway explores the emptiness generated by pleasure-seekingRead MoreErnest Hemingway s Hills Like White Elephants Essay1135 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRiobueno ENC1102 12/11/16 Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ is a story about two characters on their journey in the valley of Spain. They are deciding whether or not to make an abortion, which is indirectly implied on the narrative. Hemingway has a specific way of creating the story that it becomes apparent that every description he used is a symbol of the plot. Through this way of storytelling, Hemingway created an adamant and very
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Summary Statistics on the We Read to Succeed Initiative After having fixed the issues previously listed, I ran summary statistics to better understand the population of mentees served by the Enhanced School Based Mentoring Program. Generally speaking, the mentees were representative of a diverse group of school age students. Demographics. In this program analysis, there were a total number of 62 mentees. Of the 62 mentees, as seen in the figure 1, more than half (60%) were of Hispanic descent. Similarly, 18% of mentees were White, while the remaining 28% were either African-American or grouped into a category of other. In addition, we observed the age group of the mentees, because the community-wide initiative seeks to improve the third-grade reading proficiency of those enrolled in the program. As seen in figure 2, there were a majority (35%) of 6 year olds represented. There were also a substantial (32%) number of 7 year olds. Furthermore, there was a comparative population of males and females. (Figure 3) When analyzing the indicators of family make-up, the general information provided showed that the mentees could be categorized as at-risk populations. As seen in the figure 4, when looking at the educational attainment of the mother and father, majority of them had a high school diploma or less. More specifically, more than a quarter (85%) of the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s had not achieved an education pass receiving a high school diploma. Additionally, almost all (96%) of the fathersShow MoreRelatedBuilding A Sound Foundation For Lifelong Learning1392 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdifferentiated instruction that promotes phonics, fluency, and comprehension skills and strategies to our students to read at or above grade-level to prepare for College and Career. Our student goal is to build a schema of skills and strategies to enhance reading stamina and comprehension that allows all students to learn, problem solve, and interact as age-appropriate members of society. TARGET GROUP: Economically Disadvantaged Students PROBLEM FOR TARGET GROUP: As the subgroup for the economically disadvantagedRead MoreHomicide in Puerto Rico: Causes and Preventions3250 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagestopic in the Economy and Solutions sections). Private schools and gifted class all contribute to the education disparity problem, which creates widespread crime as individuals dont develop the skills needed to succeed in life. Drugs According to the bureau of justice statistics, drugs are related to crime in multiple ways. Most directly, it is a crime to use, possess, manufacture, or distribute drugs classified as having a potential for abuse. Cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and amphetamines areRead MoreDavis Cass s Strategic Strategies For Success1834 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesattendance. This process is different in college and students must acquire a high level of autonomy; as students they will need to develop skills to govern their time through organization and time management skills as they organize time for studying, reading, practicing, and deciding what to study and how long they should study for each class. In college, students are required to master learning outside of the classroom using these time management skills and study skills in learning the content, studyingRead MoreAttracting the Right Candidates2500 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagestraditional way or in our brave new world of social and professional Ã¢â¬Å"I nternetworkingÃ¢â¬ . The process of creating a job description also offers an opportunity to examine you team and your company as a whole, and consider what human resources you will need to succeed. Where are you now? Where would you like to be in the future? And what kind of skills and abilities will your people need to help get your company from here to there? Many people consider writing a job description only when it is time to createRead MoreA Career in Investment Banking Essay2347 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesactuarial science, agricultural economics, business communication, economics, finance, history, industrial management, international business, logistics management, managerial economics, marketing, physics, political science, risk management, or statistics, to name a few. In addition, it is always helpful to get more then one degree, or complement any of the degrees mentioned above with a degree in law or business law. Due to the variety of educational programs, students must evaluate their skillsRead MoreDTTLS Assignments5208 Words Ã |Ã 21 Pagesalso thought that school would produce a more Ã¢â¬Å"civilizedÃ¢â¬ workforce for the factories of the British Industrial Revolution. Ever more complicated machines required that their operators had the rudiments of education. Those early state schools taught reading, writing and arithmetic. Education in Britain has evolved since the 1870 Education Act but today historians recognize that Great Britain would not have become Ã¢â¬Å"GreatÃ¢â¬ if the government not recognized that literacy was the key to economic growth. ACCIRead MoreEssay on The Pros and Cons of Small Class Size3011 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages Class Size and Students at Risk, author Jeremy Finn attempts to define class size for his readers. He explains that class size is not merely the pupil-teacher ratio; instead, he states that the average class size of a school is a more accurate reading of the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s class size (Finn). The pupil-teacher ratio can be defined as the total number of students in a student body divided by the number of all professional staff and teachers at a school. While Finn said that this is an inaccurate measureRead MoreStatistics in Data Collection and Analysis6470 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pagesquantitative dataÃ for analysis.Ã Researchers can count the number of times an event is documented in interviews or records, for instance, or assign numbers to the levels of intensity of an observed event or behavior.Ã For instance, community initiatives often want to document the amount and intensity of environmental changes they bring about Ã¢â¬â the new programs and policies that result from their efforts. Whether or not this kind of translation is necessary or useful depends on the nature of whatRead MoreTeaching Reading Is Rocket Science13428 Words Ã |Ã 54 PagesTeaching Reading Is Rocket Science What Expert Teachers of Reading Should Know and Be Able To Do The most fundamental responsibility of schools is teaching students to read. Teaching Reading Is Rocket Science What Expert Teachers of Reading Should Know and Be Able To Do June 1999 Author note: This paper was prepared for the American Federation of Teachers by Louisa C. Moats, project director, Washington D.C. site of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)Read MoreCache Level 3 Award, Level 3 Certificate and Level 3 Diploma in Child Care and Education15197 Words Ã |Ã 61 Pagesreasons why practitioners need to understand the limits and boundaries e.g. in relation to child protection, confidentialityÃ¢â¬ ¦.. Answers should contain a detailed consideration of the importance of a child centred approach and may refer to current initiatives e.g. Reggio Emilia, and research and theory. E8 Include references and a bibliography. D1 Explain why the practitioner should develop and maintain appropriate relationships with parents and other professionals. Discuss the characteristics of
Question: Describe about the Million Dollar Consulting? Answers: The employment of consultant can be agreed with, as the consultants are the professional that provides expert and professional advice that helps in carrying the work in more effective way. For instance, a doctor that is an expert in the specific area of medicine can advice the patient to take the medicine for better health. Apart from that, human resource consultant can provide expertise idea in context to employment practice and management of people of the company towards the organizational goal. Therefore, the consultant can help in providing right guidance to the management or the human resource of the company. For example, if an employee is having technical issues in his work then he can consult with the technical consultant to solve the problem. Therefore, consultant can provide required support for the growth and achievement of organizational goals. Apart from that, the people that do not posses required skill or expertise should not be consulted as it may affect the growth of the company. Therefore, I do not agree that all the consultant posses equal amount of expertise and professional skills. For instance, Bling which is a small-sized industry involved in manufacturing home carpets, they consulted with a finance consultant for determining the their costs of operation and as a result, the consultant predicted less costs that affected the business of firm later on. Therefore, it can be understood that before consulting any consultant their background has to be known so that right direction can be sought that can benefit the company and attaining the strategic goal. The selection of networking consulting firm is acceptable as it can help in providing value added service to the associated client. The network consultant can help in building strong relationship with probable clients. For instance, the network consultant can help in maintaining the document in context to IT infrastructure and can provide required support to all the processes and procedures. On the other hand, employing a network consultant can be effective for the business as they can participate in the meetings of the company that is helpful for the business development. On the other hand, I do not agree with the fact that having only contacts with the clients can help in building strong relationship. The contacts can be effective for having communication but it may not turn out to be effective for long term. For instance, the requirement of services could not be understood by contacts but physical inspection may be required to understand the situation so that best service can be provided. Therefore, having communication over the phone and providing advice may not lead to success for the business. Therefore, in order to build relationship, a quality service has to be provided so that long run bonding can be built. I support the concept of advertising. The consultant can help in planning the advertising strategy that can help in increasing the brand value and consumer awareness in the market. On the other hand, the advertisement can help in increasing the market share and gain competitive advantage. For instance, advertising product or services via social media can help in increasing the customer circle and products awareness that can be valuable in gaining profit margin. Moreover, the business can target certain clients, specific demographics, companies, etc in order to plan their marketing strategies and stand out their performance. Apart from that, I do not comply with the fixing expectation in order to complete the project. For instance, if a job is of packaging a product of around 10 products in one hour and if the time has assumed that it can be completed in half an hour then it will disturb all the packaging process and procedure. Therefore, fixing time before knowing the actual time for completing work can result in huge cost and the flow of work can be affected. Therefore, time has to be set much far then actual date of delivery so that work can be completed with quality. Thus, it can satisfy the client. Classmate Discussion I have acknowledged from the classmates discussion post is that the classmate had a same viewpoint as I was holding. Moreover, their major point of discussion was consultant and time expectation for accomplishing work. On the other hand, some classmate discussed about the working environment that it has to be acceptable and friendly. I supported this thought of them and I believe it that having positive and friendly work environment can increase the efficiency and completion of task in quick time.
Monday, April 20, 2020
In Spanish In the late sass? What was the reaction? Risky Martin shocked the audience by singing In Spanish at the 1 asss Grammar Awards. Eventually, the audience gave Martin a standing ovation for his brilliant song. 2. When did Latin music burst back on the scene? What song brought it back to the mainstream? What effect did it have? Latin music came back onto the scene 15 years before Risky Martins performance with Gloria Sateens Conga. It gave diversity in music, and showed people the culture of Spanish people. How did the sounds of salsa change? Salsa music was toned down lyrically. Marc Anthony and La India were two of the most popular salsa artists at the time. We will write a custom essay sample on Lab Questions Module or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page These artists brought together Latinist and Hispanics of all races into one form of music. 4. What was the influence of CBS Latin division on the explosion of Latin music in the US? Risky Martin was the most prominent in the reign of Spanish music at the time. Liven La Vida Local was Martins explosion of Spanish flare Into American culture at the time.He was the inspiration or many more artists to mix their tongues of Spanish and English music at the time. 5. Who were some of the artists who brought together Latin influenced music with mainstream pop music? Slenderer Lopez), Marc Anthony, and Risky Martin were the most well known artists who brought in Spanish Flare into American Culture. 6. Why did the Latin music Influence decrease? Latin artists felt as If they were Intruding Into American music. But on the other hand, Latin artists were transforming American music culture. . What was Regnant? Regnant was rooted from Jamaican Reggae and intertwined Spanish and Jamaican music. Those, whose genre was that, thought they were more on the Spanish Hippo side. Daddy Yankee was the most prominent at the time and influenced more artists at the time. 8. What other types of music are being influenced by Latin music? Latin/Spanish Music influenced the genre of Musicals and Rock. Junes began bringing Latin music into Rock music. In The Heights features Latin singers and lyrics with a Latin story line.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Richard M. Nixon Biography and Presidency Richard Nixons Childhood and Education: Nixon was born on January 9, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California. He grew up in California in poverty, helping out at his fathers grocery store. He was raised a Quaker. He had two brothers die of tuberculosis. He went to local public schools. He graduated first in his high school class in 1930. he attended Whittier College from 1930-34 and graduated with a history degree. He then went to Duke University Law School and graduated in 1937. He was then admitted to the bar. Family Ties: Nixon was the ofÃ Francis Frank Anthony Nixon, a gas station owner and grocer andÃ Hannah Milhous, a devout Quaker. He had four brothers.Ã On June 21, 1940, Nixon marriedÃ Thelma Catherine Pat Ryan, a Business Teacher. Together they had twoÃ daughters, Patricia and Julie. Richard Nixons Career Before the Presidency: Nixon began practicing law in 1937. He tried his hand at owning a business which failed before joining the navy to serve in World War II. He rose to become a lieutenant commander and resigned in March, 1946. In 1947, he was elected a U.S. Representative. Then, in 1950 he became a U.S. Senator. He served in that capacity until being elected Vice President under Dwight Eisenhower in 1953. He ran for President in 1960 but lost to John F. Kennedy. He also lost the Governorship of California in 1962. Becoming the President: In 1968, Richard Nixon became the Republican candidate for President with Spiro Agnew as his Vice President. He defeated Democrat Hubert Humphrey and American Independent George Wallace. Nixon received 43% of the popular vote and 301 electoral votes.In 1972, he was the obvious choice for renomination with Agnew as his running mate again. He was opposed by Democrat George McGovern. He won with 61% of the vote and 520 electoral votes. Events and Accomplishments of Richard NixonÃ¢â¬â¢s Presidency: Nixon inheritedÃ the war with VietnamÃ and during his time in office, he cut the number of soldiers down from over 540,000 troops to 25,000. By 1972, all U.S. ground combat troops were withdrawn.On April 30, 1970, U.S. and South Vietnamese troops raided Cambodia to try and capture the Communist headquarters. Protests erupted around the nation. The most visible was at Kent State University. Students protesting at the campus were fired on by the Ohio National Guard killing four and wounding nine.In January 1973, a peace treaty was signed whereby all U.S. forces left withdrew from Vietnam, and all prisoners of war were released. Soon after the agreement, however, fighting resumed, and the Communists eventually won.In February 1972,Ã President NixonÃ traveled to China to try and encourage peace and more contact between the two nations. He was the first to visit the country.Acts to protect the environment were huge during Nixons time in office. TheÃ Environmental Protection Agen cyÃ was created in 1970. On July 20, 1969,Ã Apollo 11Ã landed on the moon and man took his first step outside of earth. This fulfilled Kennedys goal to land a man on the moon before the end of the decade.When Nixon ran for reelection, it was discovered that five individuals from theÃ Committee to Reelect the PresidentÃ (CREEP) had broken into the Democratic National Headquarters at theÃ WatergateÃ business complex. Two reporters for theÃ Washington Post, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein,Ã uncovered a massive cover-upÃ of the break-in. Nixon had installed a taping system and when the Senate asked for tapes recorded during his time in office he refused to hand them over due toÃ executive privilege. TheÃ Supreme CourtÃ did not agree with him, and he was forced to give them up. The tapes showed that while Nixon was not involved in the break-in he was involved in its cover-up. In the end, Nixon resigned when he was faced with impeachment. He left office on August 9, 1974. Post-Presidential Period: After Richard Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974, he retired to San Clemente, California. In 1974, Nixon was pardoned by President Gerald Ford. In 1985, Nixon mediated a dispute between major league baseball and the umpire association. He traveled extensively. He also provided advice to various politicians including the Reagan administration. He wrote about his experiences and foreign policy. Nixon died on April 22, 1994. Historical Significance: While many important events occurred during Nixons administration including the end of the Vietnam War, his visit to China, and putting a man on the moon, his time was marred by the Watergate Scandal. Faith in the office of the presidency declined with the revelations of this event, and the way that the press dealt with the office changed forever from this time on.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Team Values - Essay Example te his own philosophy, collect information from the subordinates, changes the situation and communicate the same with the members within the organization (Zwikael & Smyrk, 2011). Personal values are important for understanding the overall organizational behavior because the way in which person behaves have a radical influence on the overall working environment of the organization. I firmly reckon that trust, respect and ethical practice are the major component of any individual. In addition, strong adherence to these values make an individual responsible person, whether in professional life or in personal life. I firmly believe that there lays significant alignment between my personal values and the organizational value (RÃ ¸nnow-Rasmussen, 2011). Credibility is the process of clarifying the roles of different individuals within an organization. Credibility allows improving the performance of the staff and also assists in building effective relationships with subordinates. To build a strong credibility, a leader should be honest, detractor, competence, action oriented, focused, loyal, and trustful and most importantly, he should respect the principles and values of other (Ulrich et al., 2013). The overall organizational values along with the effective leadership are vital for attaining the ultimate credibility in the organization. My organizational leadership model is based on the two underlying approaches. Firstly, my organization continually clarifies what is important to it and secondly, it focuses on creating a learning environment wherein every individual is provided with an opportunity to present their views and ideas freely. Moreover, it can be recommended that the leader within the organization should motivate subordinates to express their thoughts and ideas to promote innovation as well as the leader should be honest and unbiased towards his
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Project Management - Coursework Example Having a team willing to follow is what marks a good leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s success, and that only comes when a leader is capable of being followed. Having focus, direction and dedication will likely be more effective in uniting a team than being given authority, whether formal or informal. For example, I was once a part of a team which had no formally appointed leader but rather had an informal self-appointed leader in one of my fellow members. As our project proceeded, differences arose between the team and that leader based on conflict of goals. Despite not being a leader, formally or informally, I stepped up by taking into account the views of my team and then uniting us all on a commonly agreed goal. As we proceeded to work towards that goal, I found my team turning towards my lead as I expressed not only my capability of achieving that goal but also my desire to unite us and work cohesively. The creator of Dilbert, Scott Adams states ten Great Lies of Management. These statements have not been made by many project leaders as these statements are not appropriate to be stated in the initial phases of the project. These comments may act as an obstacle for maximum productivity to be derived from the employees. If these comments are given by the project leader, then the employees may overlook the importance of understanding the way the project has to be done and instead divert their focus towards the rewards that are to be given. In open door policies, employees may come up with unnecessary issues that may not be having any productive result. Successful leaders do not plan failures; they plan the path to success. By stating the management lies given above, the employees would be kept in darkness about the true scenario of the organization and its current financial standings.Ã